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Archaeological sites

The Fortezza fortress
The Venetian Fortezza fortress is built on the “Paleokastro” hill, located on the west side of the city. On the same hill the Acropolis of the ancient city of Rithymna was located, along with a sanctuary dedicated to Goddess Artemis. The Fortezza fortress was built between 1573-1580 by the Venetians in order to protect the citizens from the Turkish threat. It is shaped like a star, it has three gates and six ramparts. The temple of Saint Nicolo has been turned into the mosque of Sultan Ibraim Han. There was the building of the Commander, the building of the Counselor, army camps, stables, ammunition depots, a water supply reservoir and some houses that were later destroyed.

Source: Municipality of Rethymno_Fortress

The Nekropolis of Armenoi
In 1969, two students discovered two ceramic vessels in the area of Prinokefalo in the community of Armenoi and delivered them to the Archaeological Museum of Rethymno. Excavations in the area revealed a large cemetery of the post-Minoan period. Until today, more than 220 tombs have been excavated. The cemetery was carefully designed. All the tombs are carved with an arch and a sloping path, except one which is vaulted. The tombs were labeled with crude stones and pyramid-like or plate-like columns. They were family tombs as they contained many bodies, placed either on the floor or in sarcophagus. Various objects (ceramics, armory, tools, and jewelry) give us important information about the art, religion and social life of the time.

Sources: Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Municipality of Rethymno_Nekropolis

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